Naturopathic Medicine, is a form of alternative medicine based on a belief in vitalism, which posits that a special energy called vital energy or vital force guides bodily processes such as metabolism, reproduction, growth, and adaptation. Naturopathic medicine favours a holistic approach with non-invasive treatment and, similar to conventional medicine, encourages minimal use of surgery and drugs.

The term "naturopathy" is derived from Greek and Latin, and literally translates as "nature disease". Modern naturopathy grew out of the Natural Cure movement of Europe. The term was coined in 1895 by John Scheel and popularized by Benedict Lust, the "father of U.S. naturopathy".

Beginning in the 1970s, there was a revival of interest in the United States and Canada in conjunction with the holistic health movement. Today, Naturopathic medicine is primarily practiced in the United States and Canada. The scope of practice varies widely between jurisdictions, and naturopathic Doctors in unregulated jurisdictions may use the Naturopathic Doctor designation or other titles regardless of level of education  In Ontario the profession is regulated by the Drugless Practitioners Act and is currently in-line to join the Regulated Health Professions Act (as chiropractors, Registered Massage Therapists, Medical Doctors etc.)